Main MS research areas

Neurobiology and immunology

This key area of research is about trying to understand the biological processes which lead to the demyelination and neurodegeneration in the central nervous system.

MS genetics

Although not hereditary, research into MS has shown that a number of genetic variations can increase the risk of developing the disease and also influence its severity.

Environmental factors and MS

This area of research investigates various environmental factors which have been proposed as risk factors for MS, in particular certain viruses and exposure to sunlight.

Treatment, therapies and management

This area of research looks at improvements in treating and managing MS, who benefits most from certain treatments, and the balance between efficacy and side effects of treatment.

Stem cells, regeneration and repair in MS

Researchers believe that stem cells may, one day, be used to treat MS, but research into this area is still at the very early stages. However, there are several promising investigations underway.

Epidemiology of MS

Researchers investigating the epidemiology of MS look at the patterns, causes and effects of the disease in defined populations and help identify risk factors.

Research into MS and quality of life

This area of research looks at how the quality of life of people with MS is impacted by their ability to continue their participation in society, remain in employment and have happy relationships.

Diagnosis, monitoring and biomarkers

Technological advances and international research have made large improvements in the accuracy of diagnosis of MS and its regular monitoring.

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Main MS research areas

Challenges of MS research